A relativistic extension of Hopfield neural networks via the mechanical analogy [article]

Adriano Barra, Matteo Beccaria, Alberto Fachechi
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a modification of the cost function of the Hopfield model whose salient features shine in its Taylor expansion and result in more than pairwise interactions with alternate signs, suggesting a unified framework for handling both with deep learning and network pruning. In our analysis, we heavily rely on the Hamilton-Jacobi correspondence relating the statistical model with a mechanical system. In this picture, our model is nothing but the relativistic extension of the original
more » ... model (whose cost function is a quadratic form in the Mattis magnetization which mimics the non-relativistic Hamiltonian for a free particle). We focus on the low-storage regime and solve the model analytically by taking advantage of the mechanical analogy, thus obtaining a complete characterization of the free energy and the associated self-consistency equations in the thermodynamic limit. On the numerical side, we test the performances of our proposal with MC simulations, showing that the stability of spurious states (limiting the capabilities of the standard Hebbian construction) is sensibly reduced due to presence of unlearning contributions in this extended framework.
arXiv:1801.01743v1 fatcat:rseelisorrfdhm5prqrzrpnwcq