Angiotensin-converting Enzyme Inhibitor Cilazapril Suppresses Expression of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor Messenger Ribonucleic Acid and Protein in Endothelial and Intimal Smooth Muscle Cells in a Vascular Injury Model of Spontaneous Hypertensive Rats
The relationship between the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein, a potent mitogen for vascular smooth muscle cells in vivo, and administra tion of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor cilazapril, which suppresses smooth muscle cells proliferation in denuded arteries, was studied in spontaneously hypertensive rats using the in situ hybridization technique and immunohistochemical study. The effect of cilazapril on neointimal
... il on neointimal forma tion through modification of bFGF expression was evaluated using the increased tissue expression of the renin-angiotensin system in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Arterial injury was produced by us ing balloon catheter denudation in the left carotid artery of rats. The effects were evaluated 2 weeks later. bFGF mRNA and protein were observed only in the endothelial cells of sham-operated rats. bFGF mRNA and protein were observed in both endothelial cells and intimal smooth muscle cells in operated rats receiving only vehicle. Expression of bFGF mRNA and protein was suppressed in both endothelial cells and intimal smooth muscle cells of operated rats receiving cilazapril. These data sug gest that cilazapril suppresses smooth muscle cell proliferation through modification of the expres sion of bFGF mRNA and bFGF protein in addition to other genes.