Glossary [chapter]

2011 Ethics in Science and Engineering  
The belief that there is one and only one truth; those who espouse absolutism usually also believe that they know what this absolute truth is. In ethics, absolutism is usually contrasted to relativism. Academic Freedom: The liberty or privilege that academics enjoy in regard to teaching, research and publications. Academic honesty: Academic honesty or integrity is the maintenance of truthfulness and proper crediting of sources of ideas and expressions. Behaviors such as cheating on examinations
more » ... and lab reports, or plagiarism of course papers and homework assignments, violate academic integrity. Other matters of academic integrity include honesty in writing letters of recommendation and in reporting institutional statistics. Academic integrity: See Academic honesty. Accountable: To be accountable is to be answerable or required to answer for one's actions. Used with a moral connotation ("normatively") meaning morally required to answer for one's actions without specifying to whom one is accountable. Also used descriptively to describe the sociological fact that a person or organization in question is required to answer to a particular party by some rules or organizational structure. Aesthetic values: Non-moral values, such as beauty, which are based on personal perceptions or preferences. Altruism: A selfless concern for other people purely for their own sakeusually contrasted with selfishness or egoism in ethics. Applied ethics: The direct and technical application of 'expert' normative ethical theories and principles to guide moral problems in family, work, and community. The term now is often used pejoratively to indicate unscholarly and unreflective, almost ideological, prescriptive moral judgments, sometimes including an abdication of individual responsibility when making moral judgments.
doi:10.1002/9781118104828.gloss fatcat:2wjh4ptbnvguxbxacj3wajjniu