Radiomics Nomogram Based on High-b-Value Diffusion-Weighted Imaging for Distinguishing the Grade of Bladder Cancer

Cui Feng, Ziling Zhou, Qiuhan Huang, Xiaoyan Meng, Zhen Li, Yanchun Wang
2022 Life  
The aim was to evaluate the feasibility of radiomics features based on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) at high b-values for grading bladder cancer and to compare the possible advantages of high-b-value DWI over the standard b-value DWI. Methods: Seventy-four participants with bladder cancer were included in this study. DWI sequences using a 3 T MRI with b-values of 1000, 1700, and 3000 s/mm2 were acquired, and the corresponding ADC maps were generated, followed with feature extraction.
more » ... were randomly divided into training and testing cohorts with a ratio of 8:2. The radiomics features acquired from the ADC1000, ADC1700, and ADC3000 maps were compared between low- and high-grade bladder cancers by using the Wilcox analysis, and only the radiomics features with significant differences were selected. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method and a logistic regression were performed for the feature selection and establishing the radiomics model. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was conducted to assess the diagnostic performance of the radiomics models. Results: In the training cohorts, the AUCs of the ADC1000, ADC1700, and ADC3000 model for discriminating between low- from high-grade bladder cancer were 0.901, 0.920, and 0.901, respectively. In the testing cohorts, the AUCs of ADC1000, ADC1700, and ADC3000 were 0.582, 0.745, and 0.745, respectively. Conclusions: The radiomics features extracted from the ADC1700 maps could improve the diagnostic accuracy over those extracted from the conventional ADC1000 maps.
doi:10.3390/life12101510 fatcat:57jul4jlafacjlksefkd7pyccm