Inhibition of Matrix Metalloproteinases by Lung TIMP-1 Gene Transfer or Doxycycline Aggravates Pulmonary Hypertension in Rats

A. Vieillard-Baron, E. Frisdal, S. Eddahibi, I. Deprez, A. H. Baker, A. C. Newby, P. Berger, M. Levame, B. Raffestin, S. Adnot, M.-P. d'Ortho
2000 Circulation Research  
Chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (PH) results from persistent vasoconstriction, excess muscularization, and extracellular matrix remodeling of pulmonary arteries. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteinases implicated in extracellular matrix turnover and hence in smooth muscle and endothelial cell migration and proliferation. Because MMP expression and activity are increased in PH, we designed the present study to investigate whether inhibition of lung MMPs in rats
more » ... jected to chronic hypoxia (CH) contributes to or protects against vascular remodeling and PH. To achieve lung MMP inhibition, rats exposed to 10% O 2 for 15 days were treated with either doxycycline (20 mg/kg per day by gavage starting 2 days before and continuing throughout the CH period) or a single dose of recombinant adenovirus (Ad) for the human tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases-1 (hTIMP-1) gene (Ad.hTIMP-1, 10 8 plaque-forming units given intratracheally 2 days before CH initiation). Control groups either received no treatment or were treated with an adenovirus containing no gene in the expression cassette (Ad.Null). Efficacy of hTIMP-1 gene transfer was assessed both by ELISA on bronchoalveolar lavages and by hTIMP-1 immunofluorescence on lung sections. MMP inhibition in lungs was evaluated by in situ zymography and gelatinolytic activity assessment using [ 3 H]gelatin. Rats treated with either doxycycline or Ad.hTIMP-1 had higher pulmonary artery pressure and right heart ventricular hypertrophy more severe than their respective controls. Worsening of PH was associated with increased muscularization and periadventitial collagen accumulation in distal arteries. In conclusion, our study provides compelling evidence that MMPs play a pivotal role in protecting against pulmonary artery remodeling. (Circ Res. 2000;87:418-425.)
doi:10.1161/01.res.87.5.418 pmid:10969041 fatcat:ms5vtzkeajgt5omgsrhadbelhi