Book Review Materia Medica and Pharmacy . By Reynold Webb Wilcox, M.A., M.D., LL.D., Professor of Medicine at the New York Post-Graduate Medical School and Hospital, etc. Seventh edition, revised. pp. 490. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son & Co. 1907

1908 Boston Medical and Surgical Journal  
an effective campaign of education among the different members. Major Louis L. Seaman, of New York, said the unnecessary loss of human life in war from preventable causes constituted its most frightful aspect, as was proved in the recent war of Japan with Russia, the statistics having been reversed by the application of the principles that had been advocated. In all the records of histories of war there had scarcely ever been one of any magnitude in which five lives had not been sacrificed to
more » ... sease for every legitimate death as a soldier. A government that did not take advantage of the simple laws of sanitation was reprehensible for its action. In our last war with Spain fourteen men were lost from disease for every one that was killed in battle. He thought it was a disgrace to any government to permit such a condition of affairs to exist. On the other hand, in the Japanese war the figures were reversed, namely, five men were killed in battle for every one who died from a preventable disease. The Japanese accomplished this by the application of modern sanitary regulations and the regulation of the dietary of the soldiers. Dr. Edwin B. Tuteur, of Chicago, referred to the pollution of streams and of rivers, and said that streams should not be converted into open sewers, as they were a menace to life and health. Polluted waters conveyed virulent bacteria, and all waters once contaminated were dangerous to use by any community. It was well-known that waters were subject to self-purification to a degree, but one could never tell when a contaminated water again became fit for domestic use. Sewage and waste products from factories should not be allowed to enter water supplies that are intended for consumption. This was one prolific source of disease. The United States government was not sufficiently solicitous as to the health of its first and most valuable asset, -the citizen. One cause was lack of education on the part of the public as well as the representatives of the public. Another cause lay in the fact that in this country trade and commerce overshadowed all else without exception. Still another cause was carelessness and failure on the part of the government to recognize and apply the results of the valuable hygienic work of the scientific physician or bacteriologist. Some of the causes enumerated suggested their own remedy. The treatment of these evils resolved itself practically into a well-directed, steadily progressive, persistent campaign of education. When this was done, the movement for the federal regulation of public health would sweep oñ with increasing momentum until our fondest hopes of securing good and effective laws would be realized. Medical School and Hospital, etc. Seventh edition, revised. Pp. 490. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son & Co. 1907. This volume, which constitutes the first part of the previous complete work published in one volume, is devoted to materia medica and pharmacy. In the description of the drugs the subject matter is divided into two heads, the ir organic and the organic materia medica, and a classification is adopted based on a grouping according i chemical and physiological action. A brief statement of the action and use of remedies is appended to the more detailed descriptions of the drugs themselves. This volume on materia medica and pharmacy, along with its companion on pharmacology and therapeutics, is designed to cover in a somewhat detailed fashion the whole subject of materia medica and therapeutics. The book, like its companion, is clearly printed in differing type for ease of reference.
doi:10.1056/nejm190802201580808 fatcat:u7afrz2o5jabjm63onyqplrq2q