EXPANDING THE CHARA/FLUOR HOT DISKS SURVEY

B. MENNESSON, N. SCOTT, T. TEN BRUMMELAAR, G. BRYDEN, N. TURNER, O. ABSIL, R. MILLAN-GABET, V. COUDE DU FORESTO, J. C. AUGEREAU, S. RIDGWAY, J. LEBRETON, L. MARION
2013 Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation  
Little is presently known about the hot (>300 K) dust component of debris disks surrounding main sequence stars, similar to the zodiacal dust cloud found in the inner solar system. While extensive surveys have been carried out from space, the majority of detections have surprisingly come from the ground, where near infrared interferometric observations have recently revealed small (∼1%) resolved excesses around a dozen nearby main sequence stars. Most of these results have come from the CHARA
more » ... ray "FLUOR" instrument (Mt. Wilson, CA), which has demonstrated the best sensitivity worldwide so far for this type of studies, and has carried out an initial survey of ∼40 stars. In order to further understand the origin of this "hot dust phenomenon", we will extend this initial survey to a larger number of stars and lower excess detection limits, i.e. higher visibility accuracy providing higher contrast measurements. To this end, two major instrumental developments are underway at CHARA. The first one aims at improving FLUOR's sensitivity to a median K-band magnitude limit of 5 (making 200 targets available). The second development is based on a method that we recently developed for accurate (better than 0.1%) null depth measurements of stars, and that can be extended to regular interferometric visibility measurements.
doi:10.1142/s2251171713400102 fatcat:nqzoso6pevfl3jih6viiakc4qi