Dual PI3K-BRD4 Inhibitor SF1126 Inhibits Colorectal Cancer Cell Growth in Vitro and in Vivo
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Background/Aims: Bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) are key oncogenic cascades in colorectal cancer (CRC). SF1126 is a novel and potent PI3K-BRD4 dual inhibitor. Methods: CRC cells and human colon epithelial cells were treated with SF1126. Cell survival was tested by MTT and soft agar colony formation assays. Cell proliferation was tested by BrdU ELISA method. Cell apoptosis was tested by a TUNEL staining method and Histone DNA ELISA. Western
... g was utilized to test the signaling proteins. A HT-29 xenograft mice model was established to study the anti-tumor activity of SF1126 in vivo. Results: SF1126 potently inhibited the survival, proliferation, and progression of the cell cycle in an established CRC cell line (HT-29) and primary human colon cancer cells. Significant activation of apoptosis was detected in SF1126-treated CRC cells. In CRC cells, SF1126 blocked Akt-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex1/2 signaling and downregulated BRD4 target proteins (Myc and cyclin D1). Further studies showed that SF1126 activated p38 signaling in CRC cells. In contrast, the p38 inhibitors or p38 short hairpin RNA inhibited SF1126-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in CRC cells. In vivo, subcutaneous administration of SF1126 significantly inhibited HT-29 xenograft tumor growth in nude mice. Conclusion: SF1126 inhibits CRC cell growth possibly by targeting PI3K-Akt-mTOR, BRD4, and p38 signaling.