The effect of psychoeducation applied to the caregivers of schizophrenic patients on the emotion expressions of the caregivers and the positive and negative syndrome scale scores of the patients (tur)

Müge Bulut, Hülya Arslantaş, Ferhan Dereboy
2019 Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi  
Şizofreni hastalarının bakım vericilerine uygulanan psikoeğitimin bakım vericilerin duygu dışavurumlarına ve hastaların pozitif ve negatif sendrom ölçeği puanlarına olan etkisi The effect of psychoeducation applied to the caregivers of schizophrenic patients on the emotion expressions of the caregivers and the positive and negative syndrome SUMMARY Objective: IIn this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of the psychoeducation given to the caregivers of patients diagnosed with
more » ... sed with schizophrenia on the expressed emotion of caregivers and positive and negative syndrome scale of patients. Method: A total of 107 patients and caregivers were invited to the study via phone numbers obtained from psychiatric outpatient clinic records. 17 of these were not reached and 28 patients and caregivers refused to participate in the study. The research was conducted with 62 patients and caregivers who agreed to participate in the study. Two of the 32 caregivers who constituted the control group refused to provide information for follow-up evaluations. While patients in both the study and control groups were treated as usual, eight sessions of psychoeducation were administered to the caregivers in the study group for two semesters, one month. Percentage, standard deviation and arithmetic mean were calculated for evaluation of demographic information. In the pretest-posttest evaluation, the differences between the two matched groups were tested. Repeated measures variance analysis was applied to examine the effect of family education on the participants' expressed emotion scores. Results: As a result of the analysis of variance, it was found that the change in the expressed emotion scores of the family members was moderate and significant effect of psychoeducation (F1.58=20.55; p<0.05; ηp 2 =0.265). As a result of two-way mixed variance analysis a significant decrease in positive (ηp 2 =0.57), negative (ηp 2 =0.50), general psychopathology (ηp 2 =0.59) and total (ηp 2 =0.64) PANSS scores during the follow-up period of psychoeducation caregivers. It is determined to be. Discussion: In this study, it was found that the expressed emotion scores of caregivers who participating in education decreased. On the other hand it was found that the expressed emotion scores of caregivers in the study group increased and PANSS scores of patients who received care were decreased. For this reason, psychoeducation programs should be added to daily psychiatric clinic practices and community mental health center practices.
doi:10.5505/kpd.2019.32559 fatcat:pj64jqw5hjbxxbkmprujjj232i