Nanotribology, Nanomechanics and Materials Characterization [chapter]

Bharat Bhushan
Nanotribology and Nanomechanics  
Nanotribology and nanomechanics studies are needed to develop fundamental understanding of interfacial phenomena on a small scale and to study interfacial phenomena in magnetic storage devices, nanotechnology and other applications. Friction and wear of lightly loaded micro/nanocomponents are highly dependent on the surface interactions (a few atomic layers). These structures are generally coated with molecularly thin films. Nanotribology and nanomechanics studies are also valuable in the
more » ... luable in the fundamental understanding of interfacial phenomena in macrostructures and provide a bridge between science and engineering. An atomic force microscope (AFM) tip is used to simulate a single-asperity contact with a solid or lubricated surface. AFMs are used to study the various tribological phenomena that include surface roughness, adhesion, friction, scratching, wear and boundary lubrication. In situ surface characterization of local deformation of materials and thin coatings can be carried out using a tensile stage inside an AFM. Mechanical properties such as hardness, Young's modulus of elasticity and creep/relaxation behaviour can be determined on micro-to picoscales using a depth-sensing indentation system in an AFM.
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-77608-6_8 fatcat:tzkyky4ddrauxjv42vni2tb7ka