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In the present paper we consider Riemannian coverings (X, g) → (M, g) with residually finite covering group Γ and compact base space (M, g). In particular, we give two general procedures resulting in a family of deformed coverings (X, g ε ) → (M, g ε ) such that the spectrum of the Laplacian ∆ (Xε,gε) has at least a prescribed finite number of spectral gaps provided ε is small enough. If Γ has a positive Kadison constant, then we can apply results by Brüning and Sunada to deduce that spec ∆doi:10.1142/s0129055x08003286 fatcat:iaxy6cusyfauze64xwsagngqtm