CD34T+ Humanized Mouse Model to Study Mucosal HIV-1 Transmission and Prevention

Kanika Vanshylla, Kathrin Held, Tabea M. Eser, Henning Gruell, Franziska Kleipass, Ricarda Stumpf, Kanika Jain, Daniela Weiland, Jan Münch, Berthold Grüttner, Christof Geldmacher, Florian Klein
2021 Vaccines  
Humanized mice are critical for HIV-1 research, but humanized mice generated from cord blood are inefficient at mucosal HIV-1 transmission. Most mucosal HIV-1 transmission studies in mice require fetal tissue-engraftment, the use of which is highly restricted or prohibited. We present a fetal tissue-independent model called CD34T+ with enhanced human leukocyte levels in the blood and improved T cell homing to the gut-associated lymphoid tissue. CD34T+ mice are highly permissive to intra-rectal
more » ... IV-1 infection and also show normal env diversification in vivo despite high viral replication. Moreover, mucosal infection in CD34T+ mice can be prevented by infusion of broadly neutralizing antibodies. CD34T+ mice can be rapidly and easily generated using only cord blood cells and do not require any complicated surgical procedures for the humanization process. Therefore, CD34T+ mice provide a novel platform for mucosal HIV-1 transmission studies as well as rapid in vivo testing of novel prevention molecules against HIV-1.
doi:10.3390/vaccines9030198 pmid:33673566 fatcat:2v4p3g4xmzefnbuwg6vkoobwhi