Using Sequential Photography to Estimate Ice Velocity at the Terminus of Columbia Glacier, Alaska

R.M. Krimmel, L.A. Rasmussen
1986 Annals of Glaciology  
The terminus of Columbia Glacier, Alaska, was observed with a single automatic 35 mm camera to determine velocity with a time resolution in the order of a day. The photographic coordinates of the image of a target were then transformed linearly into the direction numbers of the line of sight from the camera to the target. The camera orientation was determined from the film-plane locations of known landmark points by using an adaption of vertical photogrammetry techniques. The line of sight,
more » ... intersected with some mathematically-defined glacier surface, defines the true space coordinates of a target, The time sequence of a target's position was smoothed, first in horizontal x, y space to a straight line, then in y (the principal direction of ice flow) and time with a smoothing cubic spline, and then the x-component was computed from the y-component by considering the inclination of the straight line. This allows daily velocities (about 8 m/day) to be measured at a distance of 5 km, using a 105 mm lens. Errors in daily displacements were estimated to be 1 m. The terminus configuration was also measured using the same photo set.
doi:10.3189/s0260305500001270 fatcat:smnmayx73jhrxlaubisujegknq