CAMBIO TECNOLÓGICO Y RELOCALIZACIÓN DE LA INDUSTRIA DEL VESTIDO
Problemas del Desarrollo
New technologies are transforming the production process, but they have yet to penetrate clothing manufacturing and, therefore, have not played a role in the relocation of the industry. This paper aims to determine whether new production technologies have played a main role in the location of this industry, as they have in other industries. To do so, we distinguish between communication and transportation technologies and new technologies. The former have allowed manufacturers to relocate
... s to relocate production phases into different countries; here, wage costs have played a decisive role. Wage differences account for four out of the five moves made in the industry. The other relocations can be explained by quotas and trade agreements, with a considerable impact on the Mexican export cycle. The next section presents the stylized facts that describe the migrant behavior of the apparel industry since the 1950s; then, the third section analyzes the principal factors behind the relocation and retention of apparel industry production, the evolution of Mexican imports in said industry, and technology penetration. Finally, the last section contains some conclusions.