Segmented Spherical Projection Based Blind Omnidirectional Image Quality Assessment
In contrast with traditional images, omnidirectional image (OI) has a higher resolution and provides the user with an interactive wide field of view. OI with equirectangular projection (ERP) format, as the default for encoding and transmitting omnidirectional visual contents, is not suitable for quality assessment of OI because of serious geometric distortion in the bipolar regions, especially for blind image quality assessment. In this paper, a segmented spherical projection (SSP) based blind
... mnidirectional image quality assessment (SSP-BOIQA) method is proposed. The OI with ERP format is first converted into that with SSP format, so as to solve the problem of stretching distortion in the bipolar regions of ERP format, but retain the equatorial region of ERP format. On the one hand, considering that the bipolar regions of the SSP format are circular, a local/global perceptual features extraction scheme with fan-shaped window is proposed for estimating the distortion in the bipolar regions of OI. On the other hand, the perceptual features of the equatorial region are extracted with heat map as weighting factor to reflect users' visual behavior. Then, the features extracted from the OI's bipolar and equatorial regions are pooled to predict the quality of distorted OIs. The experiments on two databases, namely CVIQD2018 and MVAQD databases, demonstrate that the proposed SSP-BOIQA method outperforms the state-of-the-art blind quality assessment methods, and is more consistent with human visual perception. INDEX TERMS Omnidirectional image, blind quality assessment, segmented spherical projection, user's visual behavior, fan-shaped window. Faculty of Information Science and Engineering, Ningbo University, China. Her research interests mainly include omnidirectional video processing and quality assessment.