Establishing the diffuse correlation spectroscopy signal relationship with blood flow

David A. Boas, Sava Sakadžic, Juliette Selb, Parisa Farzam, Maria Angela Franceschini, Stefan A. Carp
2016 Neurophotonics  
Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) measurements of blood flow rely on the sensitivity of the temporal autocorrelation function of diffusively scattered light to red blood cell (RBC) mean square displacement (MSD). For RBCs flowing with convective velocity v RBC , the autocorrelation is expected to decay exponentially with ðv RBC τÞ 2 , where τ is the delay time. RBCs also experience shear-induced diffusion with a diffusion coefficient D shear and an MSD of 6D shear τ. Surprisingly,
more » ... tal data primarily reflect diffusive behavior. To provide quantitative estimates of the relative contributions of convective and diffusive movements, we performed Monte Carlo simulations of light scattering through tissue of varying vessel densities. We assumed laminar vessel flow profiles and accounted for shear-induced diffusion effects. In agreement with experimental data, we found that diffusive motion dominates the correlation decay for typical DCS measurement parameters. Furthermore, our model offers a quantitative relationship between the RBC diffusion coefficient and absolute tissue blood flow. We thus offer, for the first time, theoretical support for the empirically accepted ability of the DCS blood flow index (BF i ) to quantify tissue perfusion. We find BF i to be linearly proportional to blood flow, but with a proportionality modulated by the hemoglobin concentration and the average blood vessel diameter. © The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Distribution or reproduction of this work in whole or in part requires full attribution of the original publication, including its DOI.
doi:10.1117/1.nph.3.3.031412 pmid:27335889 pmcid:PMC4904065 fatcat:xg6mjwfwtbdf7mj4ygejwsisfm