FRACTAL GEOMETRY OF THE WAKE SHED BY A FLAPPING FILAMENT IN FLOWING SOAP-FILM

ROCCO PORTARO, MOHAMED FAYED, AMY-LEE GUNTER, HAMID AIT ABDERRAHMANE, HOI DICK NG
2011 Fractals  
In this study, we illustrate the fractal nature of the wake shed by a periodically flapping filament. Such wake structure is a combination of primary vortex shedding resulting in the von Kármán vortex street, a series of concentrated vortex dipoles formed when the trailing edges of filaments reach their maximum amplitudes and small eddies form along the shear layer connected with the concentrated vortices due to the shear layer instability. The vortex dynamics of the flapping filament are
more » ... filament are visualized and imaged experimentally using a soap-film flow tunnel with a highspeed camera and a low pressure sodium lamp for the light source. The wake fractal geometry is measured using the standard box-counting method and it is shown that the fractal dimension of the soap pattern boundaries in the wake is D = 1.38 ± 0.05, which agrees well with those measured for fully developed turbulences and other shear flow phenomena. The invariant of the fractality in the wake induced by the flapping filament thus provides another illustration of the geometrical self-similarity and nonlinear dynamics of chaotic fluid flows.
doi:10.1142/s0218348x11005397 fatcat:wtskta3frfghjk22vpbs5cyc3u