Localization and map building using laser range sensors in outdoor applications

Jose Guivant, Eduardo Nebot, Stephan Baiker
2000 Journal of Robotic Systems  
This paper presents the design of a high accuracy outdoor navigation system based on standard dead reckoning sensors and laser range and bearing information. The data validation problem is addressed using laser intensity information. The beacon design aspect and location of landmarks are also discussed in relation to desired accuracy and required area of operation. The results are important for Simultaneous Localization and Map building applications, (SLAM), since the feature extraction and
more » ... dation are resolved at the sensor level using laser intensity. This facilitates the use of additional natural landmarks to improve the accuracy of the localization algorithm. The modelling aspects to implement SLAM with beacons and natural features are also presented. These results are of fundamental importance because the implementation of the algorithm does not require the surveying of beacons. Furthermore we demonstrate that by using natural landmarks high accurate localization can be achieved by only requiring the initial estimate of the position of the vehicle. The algorithms are validated in outdoor environments using a standard utility car retrofitted with the navigation sensors and a 1 cm precision Kinematic GPS used as ground truth.
doi:10.1002/1097-4563(200010)17:10<565::aid-rob4>3.0.co;2-6 fatcat:qfjhkblgqvdj5c6wwcygp4bjf4