A New Rice Variety 'Hwaweon 5' with Durable Resistance to Rice Blast
Korean Journal of Breeding Science
Hwaweon 5' was developed from a cross between the African upland cultivar, 'Moroberekan' and 'Ilpumbyeo' based on marker-aided backcross selection. The recurrent parent 'Ilpumbyeo' is a high grain quality cultivar with medium to late maturity. 'Hwaweon 5' is nearly isogenic to 'Ilpumbyeo' except for 'Moroberekan' introgressed segments on chromosomes 1, 4 and 6. The Moroberekan segment on Chromosome 4 has a resistance gene for blast. The preliminary and replicated yield trial was conducted at
... ngnam National University in 2006 and 2007. The local adaptability test was carried out by the National Seed Management Office (NSMO) from 2008 to 2009. This cultivar was registered to NSMO designated as 'Hwaweon 5'. This cultivar averaged 78 cm in culm length and has medium growth duration. Milled rice of 'Hwaweon 5' is translucent and the grain quality traits are comparable to those of the recurrent parent. It has low protein content. The yield potential of 'Hwaweon 5' in grain was about 6.53 MT/ha at the ordinary fertilizer level for two years. This variety showed highly resistance reaction at the blast nursery test at four locations and also at the sequential planting method. This resistance is due to the gene designated as Pi45(t) on chromosome 4 from Moroberekan. The Pi45(t) gene will be useful in enhancing resistance to blast in rice breeding program.