Maternal Death Related to Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy: A Nationwide Survey in Japan

Hiroaki Tanaka, Shinji Katsuragi, Junichi Hasegawa, Kayo Tanaka, Masamitsu Nakamura, Eijiro Hayata, Masahiko Nakata, Akihiko Sekizawa, Isamu Ishiwata, Tomoaki Ikeda
2021 Brain Sciences  
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is defined as the sudden death of a patient with epilepsy in the absence of an anatomic or toxicologic cause. Whether pregnancy is a risk factor for SUDEP is unclear. Using data submitted to the Japan Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (JAOG), which has been collating information regarding all maternal deaths in Japan since 2000, this study evaluated maternal mortality data from 2010 to 2019 to evaluate the current circumstances of
more » ... death related to SUDEP in Japan. Six women died due to SUDEP during this period; the maternal mortality rate related to SUDEP was 0.066/100,000 individuals. Two women each died during the second trimester, third trimester, and postpartum period. Four and two women were receiving monotherapy and no therapy with anti-epileptic drugs, respectively. The duration of epilepsy was ≤15 years in three women, >15 years in one woman, and unknown in two women. This study furthers our understanding of the prevalence of maternal deaths due to SUDEP in Japan. Further studies are needed to confirm whether pregnancy is a risk factor for SUDEP.
doi:10.3390/brainsci11080995 fatcat:dtsczt6fxvb73ctvfyfkj33s7q