GF-4 Satellite Fire Detection with a improved Contextual algorithm

Ning Zhang, Lin Sun, Zhen dong Sun
2021 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
The GF-4 satellite has a moderate spatial resolution and is capable of high temporal frequency observation. Thus, it can play an important role in the acquisition of information regarding fires. In this study, the characteristics of brightness temperature difference between fire point area and non-fire point area are comprehensively analyzed. Employing the advantages of high-frequency continuous observation of these data, an improved algorithm for joint spatial attribute detection using
more » ... mporal data is proposed. This method is based on the traditional Contextual Method and incorporates the concept of time sequence, and uses the changes in time phase before and after the fire to reduce the false alarm caused by the high heterogeneity of pixels in a single spatial scene in the traditional method. In order to evaluate the accuracy of the algorithm, the perfect MODIS thermal anomaly product is used as the verification data to evaluate the feasibility of the algorithm. At the same time, it is necessary to compare the algorithm in this study with the fire algorithm currently applied to GF-4 with the four typical regions. The improved algorithm shows better drawing ability, and the consistency of fire description of biomass combustion for many days is improved. In the case of the Heilongjiang region on October 30, 2017, the accuracy rate is improved by 62%, compared with the Contextual Method.
doi:10.1109/jstars.2021.3132360 fatcat:butordzwhrax5ng4zudxwx3vtm