Hydroclimate variability in Scandinavia over the last millennium – insights from a climate model-proxy data comparison

Kristina Seftigen, Hugues Goosse, Francois Klein, Deliang Chen
2017 Climate of the Past Discussions  
The integration of climate proxy information with General Circulation Model (GCM) results offers considerable potential for deriving greater understanding of the mechanisms underlying climate variability, as well as unique opportunities for out-of-sample evaluations of model performance. In this study, we combine insights from a new tree-ring hydroclimate reconstruction from Scandinavian with projections from a suite of forced transient simulations of the last millennium and historical
more » ... from the CMIP5 and PMIP3 archives. Model simulations and proxy reconstruction data are found to broadly agree on the modes of atmospheric variability that produces droughts/pluvials in the region. But despite these dynamical similarities, large differences between simulated and reconstructed hydroclimate time series remain. We find simulated interannual components of variability to be overestimated, while the multidecadal/longer timescale components generally are too weak. Specifically, summertime moisture variability and temperature are weakly negatively associated at inter-annual timescales but positively correlated at decadal timescales, revealed from observational and proxy evidences. On this background, the CMIP5/PMIP3 simulated timescale dependent relationship between regional precipitation and temperature is considerably biased, because the short-term negative association is overestimated, and the long-term relationship is significantly underestimated. The lack of adequate understanding for mechanisms linking temperature and moisture supply on longer timescales has important implication for future projections. Weak multidecadal variability in models also implies that inference about future persistent droughts and pluvials based on the latest generation global climate models will likely underestimate the true risk of these events.
doi:10.5194/cp-2017-36 fatcat:4zgi4w5fynebtarcfg76g44x5a