On finding short resolution refutations and small unsatisfiable subsets

Michael R. Fellows, Stefan Szeider, Graham Wrightson
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/elaf5sq7lfdxfdejhkqbtz6qoq" style="color: black;">Theoretical Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
We consider the parameterized problems of whether a given set of clauses can be refuted within k resolution steps, and whether a given set of clauses contains an unsatisfiable subset of size at most k. We show that both problems are complete for the class W[1], the first level of the W-hierarchy of fixed-parameter intractable problems. Our results remain true if restricted to 3-SAT instances and/or to various restricted versions of resolution including tree-like resolution, input resolution,
more &raquo; ... read-once resolution. Applying a metatheorem of Frick and Grohe, we show that, restricted to classes of sets of clauses of locally bounded treewidth, the considered problems are fixed-parameter tractable. For example, the problems are fixed-parameter tractable for planar CNF formulas.
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