A Methodology for Studying 802.11p VANET Broadcasting Performance With Practical Vehicle Distribution

Harry J. F. Qiu, Ivan Wang-Hei Ho, Chi K. Tse, Yu Xie
2015 IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  
In a Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET), the performance of the communication protocol is influenced heavily by the vehicular density dynamics. However, most of the previous works on VANET performance modeling paid little attention to vehicle distribution, or simply assumed homogeneous car distribution. It is obvious that vehicles are distributed non-homogeneously along a road segment due to traffic signals and speed limits at different portions of the road, as well as vehicle interactions that
more » ... e significant on busy streets. In light of the inadequacy, we present in this paper an original methodology to study the broadcasting performance of 802.11p VANETs with practical vehicle distribution in urban environments. Firstly, we adopt the empirically verified stochastic traffic models, which incorporates the effect of urban settings (such as traffic lights and vehicle interactions) on car distribution and generates practical vehicular density profiles. Corresponding 802.11p protocol and performance models are then developed. When coupled with the traffic models, they can predict broadcasting efficiency, delay, as well as throughput performance of 802.11p VANETs based on the knowledge of car density at each location on the road. Extensive simulation is conducted to verify the accuracy of the developed mathematical models with the consideration of vehicle interaction. In general, our results demonstrate the applicability of the proposed methodology on modeling protocol performance in practical signalized road networks, and shed insights into the design and development of future communication protocols and networking functions for VANETs.
doi:10.1109/tvt.2014.2367037 fatcat:neo22gv6brer7elta6wbulprpi