Geodesic flows on semidirect-product Lie groups: geometry of singular measure-valued solutions

D. D Holm, C. Tronci
2009 Proceedings of the Royal Society A  
The EPDiff equation (or dispersionless Camassa-Holm equation in 1D) is a well known example of geodesic motion on the Diff group of smooth invertible maps (diffeomorphisms). Its recent two-component extension governs geodesic motion on the semidirect product Diff F, where F denotes the space of scalar functions. This paper generalizes the second construction to consider geodesic motion on Diffg, where g denotes the space of scalar functions that take values on a certain Lie algebra (for
more » ... g=F⊗so(3)). Measure-valued delta-like solutions are shown to be momentum maps possessing a dual pair structure, thereby extending previous results for the EPDiff equation. The collective Hamiltonians are shown to fit into the Kaluza-Klein theory of particles in a Yang-Mills field and these formulations are shown to apply also at the continuum PDE level. In the continuum description, the Kaluza-Klein approach produces the Kelvin circulation theorem.
doi:10.1098/rspa.2008.0263 fatcat:4yrh5ikgsregbh46duhz5srf54