What Remains of Visual Semantic Embeddings [article]

Yue Jiao, Jonathon Hare, Adam Prügel-Bennett
<span title="2021-07-26">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Zero shot learning (ZSL) has seen a surge in interest over the decade for its tight links with the mechanism making young children recognize novel objects. Although different paradigms of visual semantic embedding models are designed to align visual features and distributed word representations, it is unclear to what extent current ZSL models encode semantic information from distributed word representations. In this work, we introduce the split of tiered-ImageNet to the ZSL task, in order to
more &raquo; ... id the structural flaws in the standard ImageNet benchmark. We build a unified framework for ZSL with contrastive learning as pre-training, which guarantees no semantic information leakage and encourages linearly separable visual features. Our work makes it fair for evaluating visual semantic embedding models on a ZSL setting in which semantic inference is decisive. With this framework, we show that current ZSL models struggle with encoding semantic relationships from word analogy and word hierarchy. Our analyses provide motivation for exploring the role of context language representations in ZSL tasks.
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