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The traditional way of engineering production systems requires static information flows within and in between automation software, from field control software to manufacturing operations management. The common understanding of data and its containing information is realized by implicit assumptions on data semantics. In contrast, the vision of future production systems as cyber-physical systems (CPS) focuses on intelligent production facilities, which are characterized by autonomous behavior anddoi:10.3182/20140824-6-za-1003.02512 fatcat:kosrxbcqf5amxkktkwokfwfuoi