Clinical Aspects of the Venous System in Cerebral Angiography, especially for treating Vascular Lesions and Tumors at the Skull Base(Veins of the Skull Base (2): Petroclival Region)
頭蓋底静脈の読影 : Venous Cross Roadの重要性を中心に(<特集>頭蓋底静脈の基礎と臨床(2):錐体斜台部)

Michiya Kubo, Yukio Horie, Nakamasa Hayashi, Naoya Kuwayama, Shunro Endo
2008 Japanese Journal of Neurosurgery  
yama Recently , Magnetic Resonance Angiography and three − dimensional CT angiography have become important tools for neurosurgeons and neuroradiologists . In the daily clinical diagnosis , the number of diagnost 孟 c cerebral angiographies performed has actually been reduced , but its dominant position in the evaluation of detailed inf { ) rma − tion for advanced treatment of skull base diseases , such as dural arteriovenous fistulas , arteriovenous malforma − tions, or skull base tumors ,
more » ... remains and is much required , Classical venous anatomy and landmarks are not described in this chapter . We illustrate how to obtain much clearer venous images and analyze venous hemodynamic conditions from the aspect of endovascular treatment or direct surgery . Practically important points of venous findings fbr treatments are also described here mainly from the standpoint of ' ' venous cross roads " .
doi:10.7887/jcns.17.745 fatcat:nmgdq7htrngvxfdibdsxpkhigm