Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia- A Rare Cause of Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Darshit Shah
2017 Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research  
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. Maltophilia) is a gram-negative bacillus presumed to be a commensal and rarely causes opportunistic infections in immunocompromised individuals. Since it is resistant to most of the commonly prescribed antibiotics, it carries a high mortality. S. maltophilia infective endocarditis is extremely rare and only 43 cases have been reported worldwide till date. Case Report: Our patient was a 45 years old male, known case of diabetes mellitus, Rheumatic heart disease
more » ... tic heart disease (RHD) with previous aortic valve replacement, who had 2 episodes of S. maltophilia bacteremia and first episode being diagnosed as possible infective endocarditis being subsequently managed medically. However in the second episode of bacteremia diagnosis of infective endocarditis was confirmed and patient required prosthetic valve replacement. Conclusion: This case is being presented to emphasize the possibility of infective endocarditis due to S. maltophilia and the clinicians should be aware of its potential significance in appropriate clinical setting and diagnosis should be considered early to prevent mortality.
doi:10.18535/jmscr/v5i7.255 fatcat:5tbuczj5vfenxgya6tbpubaxq4