RAID: Regression Analysis based Inductive DNA microarray for Precise Read-Across [article]

Yuto Amano, Masayuki Yamane, Hiroshi Honda
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
Chemical structure-based read-across represents a promising method for chemical toxicity evaluation without the need for animal testing; however, a chemical structure is not necessarily related to toxicity. Therefore, in vitro studies were often used for read-across reliability refinement; however, their external validity has been hindered by the gap between in vitro and in vivo conditions. Thus, we developed a virtual DNA microarray, Regression Analysis based Inductive DNA microarray (RAID),
more » ... ich quantitatively predicts in vivo gene expression profiles based on the chemical structure and/or in vitro transcriptome data. For each gene, elastic-net models were constructed using chemical descriptors and in vitro transcriptome data to predict in vivo data from in vitro data (in vitro to in vivo extrapolation; IVIVE). In feature selection, useful genes for assessing the quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) and IVIVE were identified. Predicted transcriptome data derived from the RAID system reflected the in vivo gene expression profiles of characteristic hepatotoxic substances. Moreover, gene ontology and pathway analyses indicated that xenobiotic response and metabolic activation via nuclear receptors are related to those gene expressions. The identified IVIVE-related genes were associated with fatty acid-, xenobiotic-, and drug metabolism, indicating that in vitro studies were effective in evaluating these key events. Furthermore, validation studies revealed that chemical substances associated with these key events could be detected as hepatotoxic biosimilar substances. These results indicate that the RAID system could represent an alternative screening test for repeated-dose toxicity test and toxicogenomic analyses. Our technology provides a critical solution to IVIVE-based read-across by considering the mode of action and chemical structures.
doi:10.1101/2022.02.15.480621 fatcat:ejujzoib4veixk5wxdnwv3dila