The Future Promise of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Integration: A Sociotechnical Review and Research Agenda

Benjamin K. Sovacool, Jonn Axsen, Willett Kempton
2017 Annual Review Environment and Resources  
Vehicle-grid integration (VGI) describes various approaches to link the electric power system and the transportation system in ways that may benefit both. VGI includes systems that treat plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) as controllable load with a unidirectional flow of electricity, such as "smart" or "controlled" charging or time-of-use (TOU) pricing. VGI typically encompasses vehicle-to-grid (V2G), a more technically advanced vision with bidirectional flow of electricity between the vehicle
more » ... d power grid, in effect treating the PEV as a storage device. Such VGI systems could help decarbonize transportation, support load balancing, integrate renewable energy into the grid, increase revenues for electricity companies, and create new revenue streams for automobile owners. This review introduces various aspects and visions of VGI based on a comprehensive review. In doing so, it 377 Click here to view this article's online features: • Download figures as PPT slides • Navigate linked references • Download citations • Explore related articles • Search keywords ANNUAL REVIEWS Further Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 2017.42:377-406. Downloaded from www.annualreviews.org Access provided by 207.241.225.158 on 05/07/20. For personal use only. PHEV: plug-in hybrid electric vehicle BEV: battery electric vehicle Plug-in electric vehicle (PEV): includes both battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles GHG: greenhouse gas V2G: vehicle-to-grid GIV: grid-integrated vehicle VGI: vehicle-grid integration www.annualreviews.org • Vehicle-Grid Integration and Vehicle-to-Grid 379 Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 2017.42:377-406. Downloaded from www.annualreviews.org Access provided by 207.241.225.158 on 05/07/20. For personal use only. Sovacool · Axsen · Kempton Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 2017.42:377-406. Downloaded from www.annualreviews.org Access provided by 207.241.225.158 on 05/07/20. For personal use only.
doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-030117-020220 fatcat:lihkoyg7gnhqpe7qgkmdxqbmwi