Adolescents in situations of poverty: resilience and vulnerabilities to sexually transmitted infections

Maria Isabelly Fernandes da Costa, Raelson Ribeiro Rodrigues, Rayssa Matos Teixeira, Paulo Henrique Alexandre de Paula, Izaildo Tavares Luna, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro
2020 Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem  
To analyze the association between vulnerabilities to Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs/HIV/AIDS) of adolescents in poverty and their level of resilience. Cross-sectional study with 287 students between 11 and 17 years old in a school in the outskirts of Fortaleza-Ce. The study was conducted from August to October 2016. Three instruments related to characterization, vulnerability to STIs/HIV/AIDS and resilience were used. The association between the instruments was calculated using the
more » ... ated using the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Association between vulnerability to STIs/HIV/AIDS and resilience was assessed through the Spearman's correlation coefficient. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. There was a significant association between the factors "housing" (p=0.022), "family income" (p=0.037) and vulnerability to STIs/HIV/AIDS. Adolescents whose father has completed high school (p=0.043) have moderately high resilience. Adolescents with low socioeconomic status and who live on less than a minimum wage tends to be more susceptible to vulnerabilities to STIs/HIV/AIDS and to have low resilience.
doi:10.1590/0034-7167-2019-0242 pmid:32965409 fatcat:3oja7j3cinf4bkf6xdetk72ecy