Pressure Overload Induces Cardiac Hypertrophy in Angiotensin II Type 1A Receptor Knockout Mice

K. Harada, I. Komuro, I. Shiojima, D. Hayashi, S. Kudoh, T. Mizuno, K. Kijima, H. Matsubara, T. Sugaya, K. Murakami, Y. Yazaki
1998 Circulation  
Background-Many studies have suggested that the renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the development of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Moreover, it has been reported that pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy is completely prevented by ACE inhibitors in vivo and that the stored angiotensin II (Ang II) is released from cardiac myocytes in response to mechanical stretch and induces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy through the Ang II type 1 receptor (AT 1 ) in
more » ... or (AT 1 ) in vitro. These results suggest that the AT 1 -mediated signaling is critical for the development of mechanical stress-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Methods and Results-To determine whether AT 1 -mediated signaling is indispensable for the development of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy, pressure overload was produced by constricting the abdominal aorta of AT 1A knockout (KO) mice. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction revealed that the cardiac AT 1 (probably AT 1B ) mRNA levels in AT 1A KO mice were Ͻ10% of those of wild-type (WT) mice and were not affected by pressure overload. Chronic treatment with subpressor doses of Ang II increased left ventricular mass in WT mice but not in KO mice. Pressure overload, however, fully induced cardiac hypertrophy in KO as well as WT mice. There were no significant differences between WT and KO mice in expression levels of fetal-type cardiac genes, in the left ventricular wall thickness and systolic function as revealed by the transthoracic echocardiogram, or in the histological changes such as myocyte hypertrophy and fibrosis. Conclusions-AT 1 -mediated Ang II signaling is not essential for the development of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. (Circulation. 1998;97:1952-1959
doi:10.1161/01.cir.97.19.1952 pmid:9609089 fatcat:p6wnpd2llzgdvci3trvposfqlq