Novel Conformal Skin Patch with Embedded Thin-Film Electrodes for Early Detection of Extravasation

Ruiqi Lim, Ramona B. Damalerio, Choon Looi Bong, Swee Kim Tan, Ming-Yuan Cheng
2021 Sensors  
Extravasation is a complication of intravenous (IV) cannulation in which vesicant drugs leak from a vein into the surrounding subcutaneous tissue. The severity of extravasation depends on the type, concentration, and volume of drugs that accumulate in the subcutaneous tissue. Rapid detection of extravasation can facilitate prompt medical intervention, minimizing tissue damage, and preventing adverse events. In this study, we present two portable sensor patches, namely gold- and carbon-based
more » ... nd carbon-based sensing patches, for early detection of extravasation. The gold-based sensor patch detected extravasated fluid of volume as low as 2 mL in in vivo animal models and human clinical trials; the patch exhibited a resistance change of 41%. The carbon-based sensor patch exhibited a resistance change of 51% for 2 mL of extravasated fluid, and fabrication throughput and cost-effectiveness are superior for this patch compared with the gold-based sensing patch.
doi:10.3390/s21103429 pmid:34069128 fatcat:nolhlfbgpnh2lpibo4vvpj6spa