DIAGNOSTIC AND PROGNOSTIC VALUE OF RENAL TUBULAR INJURY BIOMARKERS NGAL, KIM-1, L-FABP IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PATIENTS

O. B. Kuzmin, V. V. Zhezha, V. V. Belaynin, N. V. Buchneva, L. N. Landar, S. V. Serdyuk
2017 Nephrology (Saint-Petersburg)  
The review summarized data on the diagnostic and prognostic value of biomarkers of kidney injury NGAL (neutrophil gelatinaseassociated lipocalin), KIM-1 (kidney injury molecule-1) and L-FABP (liver type fatty acid-binding protein) in patients with CKD. The most studied of these is NGAL, increase of its level in urine reflects the severity of CKD. Elevated levels of urinary NGAL evaluated also as a prognostic criterion which allows identifying patients with high risk of unfavorable course of
more » ... rable course of disease. Elevated levels of urinary KIM-1 inpatients with CHF can detect individuals with tubulointerstitial kidney injury, having an adverse prognostic value, and to assess their risk of death or rehospitalization about CHF. Data obtained in large populations of patients with diabetes type 1 and 2 with CKD show that high levels of urinary L-FABP is associated with an increased risk of diabetic nephropathy progression. High levels of this biomarker in urine of patients with diabetes type 2 and stage1-2 CKD is also unfavorable prognostic marker of increased risk of coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular complications. In general, diagnostic and prognostic value of urine KIM-1 and L-FABP in CKD patients with varying severity poorly understood and needs further clinical studies.
doi:10.24884/1561-6274-2017-21-2-24-32 fatcat:ueyfgabi5rbarbeaz272utu5eq