Socio-Demographic Profile of Adults Admitted in Emergency for Brain Trauma Injuries at the University Hospital of Brazzaville (Congo)

Hugues Brieux Ekouele Mbaki, Pascal Diogène Bingui Outman, Marie Elombila, Darius Eryx Mbou Essie, Christ Mayick Mpoy Emy Monkessa, Rel Gerald Boukaka Kala, Léon Boukassa, Gilbert Fabrice Otiobanda
2019 Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery  
The aim of this study was to evaluate socio-demographic profile of adults admitted in emergency for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) at the University Hospital of Brazzaville in the Republic of Congo. We performed a prospective study within a period of six months, into the surgical unit of the emergency department of the University Hospital of Brazzaville. A total of 2617 patients were recorded, among which 268 cases were TBI (10.25%) where 142 cases were sampled in our series. The average age was
more » ... 6.7 ± 16.6 years. The sex ratio was 6.1. The TBI was mainly due to road accident in 121 cases (85.2%) described as follows: motorcycle accident about 48 cases (39.7%) and the pedestrian's injuries about 42 (34.8%). In the majority of the cases, cautions were not taken by the drivers; during the case of the motorcycle accident, about 97.9% of the riders did not wear a helmet. The TBI remains a growing public health concern in the low-income countries, like in Africa. Measurements on the road traffic regulation are to be strengthened to reduce the growth of this silent epidemic.
doi:10.4236/ojmn.2019.91006 fatcat:mgrmcksjbjeqnar2dygabn5jeu