Using a Framework to Evaluate Peace Operations: The Role of the United Nations [chapter]

Ramesh Thakur
Peace Operation Success  
United Nations activities in support of maintaining international peace and security were designed to fall under Chapter 6 of the Charter encouraging the peaceful settlement of disputes, or else under Chapter 7 which called for a range of coercive enforcement measures against errant member states. The system of collective security never came into being as envisaged. Instead, the United Nations embarked on the innovative practice of peacekeeping, a word that famously does not appear in the
more » ... appear in the Charter yet has been the characteristic UN military operation. Since the UN's establishment in 1945, the nature of war and armed conflict has changed substantially, with inter-state warfare steadily waning. 1 With the end of the Cold War, the cover of superpower protection for local client regimes often disappeared at the same time as the major powers began to discover common interests in inserting international troops and other peace-supporting personnel into conflict and post-conflict situations. In these circumstances, the number of peacekeeping missions multiplied but also changed significantly in the types of tasks that they were required to undertake.
doi:10.1163/9789004245082_009 fatcat:6ctamrvotrh53hzn6agvqay4qq