THE ROLE OF E-GOVERNANCE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT
International Research Journal of Human Resources and Social Sciences
The use of Information and Communication Technology in governance processes and by governments has been mostly centered in the deployment of ICT applications and solutions to streamline government's operations reduce transactional costs, and increase transparency and accountability of public institutions. E-government or online government has indeed taken off since the end of the millennium. 'Modernization' of public state institutions complemented by the delivery of specific government
... government services has thus been the cornerstone of this approach. As a matter of fact, many developing countries have complemented existing national ICT strategies with e-government policies or adhoc deployment of solutions for specific national sectors. The latest trend on e-government suggests a more citizen-centric approach in which e-government priorities are much more responsive to citizens needs and development agendas. Rural egovernance applications in the recent past have demonstrated the important role. The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) play in the realm of rural development. Several e-governance projects have attempted to improve the reach, enhance the base, minimize the processing costs, increase transparency, and reduce the cycle times. Several states have initiated the creation of State Wide Area Networks (SWAN) to facilitate electronic access of the state and district administration services to the citizens in villages. The significant efforts are required to design, develop and internalize the ICT solutions through well managed reengineering of back-end processes and capacity building efforts to ensure sustainability.