Innate Rhythms: Clocks at the Center of Monocyte and Macrophage Function

George A. Timmons, James R. O'Siorain, Oran D. Kennedy, Annie M. Curtis, James O. Early
2020 Frontiers in Immunology  
The circadian cycle allows organisms to track external time of day and predict/respond to changes in the external environment. In higher order organisms, circadian rhythmicity is a central feature of innate and adaptive immunity. We focus on the role of the molecular clock and circadian rhythmicity specifically in monocytes and macrophages of the innate immune system. These cells display rhythmicity in their internal functions, such as metabolism and inflammatory mediator production as well as
more » ... heir external functions in pathogen sensing, phagocytosis, and migration. These inflammatory mediators are of clinical interest as many are therapeutic targets in inflammatory disease such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis. Moreover, circadian rhythm disruption is closely linked with increased prevalence of these conditions. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms by which circadian disruption affects monocyte/macrophage function will provide insights into novel therapeutic opportunities for these chronic inflammatory diseases.
doi:10.3389/fimmu.2020.01743 pmid:32849621 pmcid:PMC7417365 fatcat:gkr5s7d6jzdbdldrfojtkpidqm