Mortality calculator as a possible prognostic predictor of overall survival after gastrectomy in elderly patients with gastric cancer
Background: The number of elderly patients with gastric cancer has been increasing. Most elderly patients have associated reduced physiologic functions, that can sometimes become an obstacle to safe surgical treatment. The National Clinical Database Risk Calculator, which based on a large Japanese surgical database, provides mortality and morbidity as the surgical-related risks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of the risk for operative mortality
... ity), as calculated by the National Clinical Database Risk Calculator, during long-term follow-up after gastrectomy for elderly patients with gastric cancer.Methods: We enrolled 73 patients aged ≥80 years and underwent gastrectomy at our institution. Their surgical risk was evaluated based on the NRC-mortality. Several clinicopathologic factors, including NRC-mortality, were selected, and analyzed as the possible prognostic factors for elderly patients who have undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Statistical analysis was performed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model.Results: NRC-mortality ranged from 0.5% to 10.6%, and the median value was 1.7%. Dividing the patients according to mortality, the overall survival was significantly worse in the high mortality group (≥1.7%, n = 38) than in the low mortality group (<1.7%, n = 35), whereas disease-specific survival was not different between the two groups. In the Cox proportional hazard model, multivariate analysis revealed NRC-mortality, performance status, and surgical procedure as the independent prognostic factors for overall survival. For disease-specific survival, the independent prognostic factors were performance status and pathological stage but not NRC-mortality.Conclusion: The NRC-mortality might be clinically useful for predicting both surgical mortality and overall survival after gastrectomy in elderly patients with gastric cancer.