Changing pattern of water supply system in Jaipur metropolitan (Rajasthan, India)
International Journal of Applied Research
Jaipur is the capital and largest city of the Rajasthan state with a growing population of 4.008 million in 2021. Jaipur metropolitan is a fast-growing city that attracts the population to migrate from all over the state. Jaipur city is a well-known tourist center and the tourist footfall around the world is very high. The city is developing rapidly (in terms of industrial) and so the population is. This results in the lack of some of the basic necessities to cater to the demands of the
... on residing here. The major problem nowadays is water scarcity and the crisis that threatens drinking water sources. Due to scorching heat and semi-arid climatic conditions, the surface water sources of dams are drying up resulting in depleting water table. There is no perennial source of surface groundwater in the city. Initially, the Ramgarh dam was the source of drinking water for the city population. In the late 1980s/early 1990s, the major part of Ramgarh dam remained dried and till 2012 the river bed was completely dried. Jaipur city suffered in an acute situation in getting drinking water. Hence, a new source of water was investigated and constructed in 1990 i.e., Bisalpur dam located in Tonk district of Rajasthan over 120 km away from Jaipur, providing water to Tonk, Ajmer and Jaipur. The supply of water from Bisalpur Dam to Jaipur began in 2009. Due to the shortage of water supply from the Bisalpur dam, the government has planned and investigated a detailed feasibility report to link the Bisalpur dam to Chambal and Brahmini Rivers to make Bisalpur dam a sustainable water resource for utilizing excess water off the Brahmini River project. To combat such situation, it is very important for the government to find sustainable solutions. Besides this, public participation is also very significant to attain the solution.