Organohalide-respiring Desulfoluna species isolated from marine environments [article]

Peng Peng, Tobias Goris, Yue Lu, Bart Nijsse, Anna Burrichter, David Schleheck, Jasper J. Koehorst, Jie Liu, Detmer Sipkema, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damste, Alfons J. M. Stams, Max M. Haggblom (+2 others)
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
The genus Desulfoluna comprises two anaerobic sulfate-reducing strains, D. spongiiphila AA1T and D. butyratoxydans MSL71T, of which only the former was shown to perform organohalide respiration (OHR). Here we isolated a third member of this genus from marine intertidal sediment, designed D. spongiiphila strain DBB. All three Desulfoluna strains harbour three reductive dehalogenase gene clusters (rdhABC) and corrinoid biosynthesis genes in their genomes. Brominated but not chlorinated aromatic
more » ... mpounds were dehalogenated by all three strains. The Desulfoluna strains maintained OHR in the presence of 20 mM sulfate or 20 mM sulfide, which often negatively affect OHR. Strain DBB sustained OHR with 2% oxygen in the gas phase, in line with its genetic potential for reactive oxygen species detoxification. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) revealed differential induction of rdhA genes in strain DBB in response to 1,4-dibromobenzene or 2,6-dibromophenol. Proteomic analysis confirmed differential expression of rdhA1 with 1,4-dibromobenzene, and revealed a possible electron transport chain from lactate dehydrogenases and pyruvate oxidoreductase to RdhA1 via menaquinones and either RdhC, or Fix complex (electron transfer flavoproteins), or Qrc complex (Type-1 cytochrome c3:menaquinone oxidoreductase).
doi:10.1101/630186 fatcat:odj4ucj7njdkpm5h6fsp4mqbpy