Clinical Application of Circulating Tumor DNA in the Genetic Analysis of Patients with Advanced GIST

Hao Xu, Liang Chen, Yang Shao, Dongqin Zhu, Xiaofei Zhi, Qiang Zhang, Fengyuan Li, Jianghao Xu, Xisheng Liu, Zekuan Xu
2017 Molecular Cancer Therapeutics  
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumor of digestive tract. In the past, tissue biopsy was the main method for the diagnosis of GISTs. Although, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) detection by next-generation sequencing (NGS) may be a feasible and replaceable method for diagnosis of GISTs. We retrospectively analyzed the data for ctDNA and tissue DNA detection from 32 advanced GIST patients. We found that NGS obviously increased the positive rate of ctDNA
more » ... n. ctDNA detection identified rare mutations that were not detected in tissue DNA detection. Tumor size and Ki-67 were significant influencing factors of the positive rate of ctDNA detection and concordance between ctDNA and tissue DNA detection. In all patients, the concordance rate between ctDNA and tissue DNA detection was 71.9%, with moderate concordance, but the concordance was strong for patients with tumor size > 10 cm or Ki-67 > 5%. Tumor size, mitotic figure, Ki-67, and ctDNA mutation type were the significant influencing factors of prognosis, but only tumor size and ctDNA mutation type, were the independent prognostic factors for advanced GIST patients. We confirmed that ctDNA detection by NGS is a feasible and promising method for the diagnosis and prognosis of advanced GIST patients.
doi:10.1158/1535-7163.mct-17-0436 pmid:29133619 fatcat:6kuhyytqifbmfenagqp6iedyse