Glaucoma Detection Using Image Processing and Supervised Learning for Classification

Shubham Joshi, B. Partibane, Wesam Atef Hatamleh, Hussam Tarazi, Chandra Shekhar Yadav, Daniel Krah, Bhagyaveni M.A
2022 Journal of Healthcare Engineering  
A difficult challenge in the realm of biomedical engineering is the detection of physiological changes occurring inside the human body, which is a difficult undertaking. At the moment, these irregularities are graded manually, which is very difficult, time-consuming, and tiresome due to the many complexities associated with the methods involved in their identification. In order to identify illnesses at an early stage, the use of computer-assisted diagnostics has acquired increased attention as
more » ... result of the requirement of a disease detection system. The major goal of this proposed work is to build a computer-aided design (CAD) system to help in the early identification of glaucoma as well as the screening and treatment of the disease. The fundus camera is the most affordable image analysis modality available, and it meets the financial needs of the general public. The extraction of structural characteristics from the segmented optic disc and the segmented optic cup may be used to characterize glaucoma and determine its severity. For this study, the primary goal is to estimate the potential of the image analysis model for the early identification and diagnosis of glaucoma, as well as for the evaluation of ocular disorders. The suggested CAD system would aid the ophthalmologist in the diagnosis of ocular illnesses by providing a second opinion as a judgment made by human specialists in a controlled environment. An ensemble-based deep learning model for the identification and diagnosis of glaucoma is in its early stages now. This method's initial module is an ensemble-based deep learning model for glaucoma diagnosis, which is the first of its kind ever developed. It was decided to use three pretrained convolutional neural networks for the categorization of glaucoma. These networks included the residual network (ResNet), the visual geometry group network (VGGNet), and the GoogLeNet. It was necessary to use five different data sets in order to determine how well the proposed algorithm performed. These data sets included the DRISHTI-GS, the Optic Nerve Segmentation Database (DRIONS-DB), and the High-Resolution Fundus (HRF). Accuracy of 91.11% for the PSGIMSR data set and the sensitivity of 85.55% and specificity of 95.20% for the suggested ensemble architecture on the PSGIMSR data set were achieved. Similarly, accuracy rates of 95.63%, 98.67%, 95.64%, and 88.96% were achieved using the DRIONS-DB, HRF, DRISHTI-GS, and combined data sets, respectively.
doi:10.1155/2022/2988262 pmid:35273784 pmcid:PMC8904131 fatcat:3evzldvw2jg4lazy6653fhj6yy