The redial and cercarial production of a Digenean in the snail host is lower when no cercarial shedding occurs

G. Dreyfuss, P. Vignoles, D. Rondelaud
2009 Parasite  
Single-and double-miracidium exposures of Galba truncatula with Fasciola hepatica (two groups) or with Paramphistomum daubneyi (two groups) were carried out under laboratory conditions to compare parasite production in cercaria-shedding snails (CS snails) with that found in snails without emission (NCS snails). Free rediae and cercariae were thus counted in snails from both categories after their dissection at regular intervals (at 24°C). In the four groups, the numbers of free rediae and free
more » ... ercariae found at day 75 post-exposure (F. hepatica) or at day 85 (P. daubneyi) were significantly greater in CS snails than in NCS ones. The number of cercariae in NCS subgroups did not show any significant variation from day 45 p.e. to day 75 (F. hepatica, the two groups) or from day 55 to day 85 (P. daubneyi, singlemiracidium infections), while it significantly decreased with increasing time of infection in the double-miracidium infections with P. daubneyi. In NCS snails, the presence of too numerous free cercariae within the snail's body (the volume of the body allows development only of a given number of rediae) might rapidly block out redial development and intraredial differentiation of other cercariae. The numerical diminution of P. daubneyi cercariae in the NCS snails (double-miracidium group) might probably be due to the lysis of new cercariae just formed, probably in reason of a lack of nutrients available for these larvae within the snail.
doi:10.1051/parasite/2009164309 pmid:20092063 fatcat:2z3ukej6iba2vddthrleirxpnq