In Vitro-Reconstituted Nucleoids Can Block Mitochondrial DNA Replication and Transcription

Géraldine Farge, Majda Mehmedovic, Marian Baclayon, Siet M.J.L. van den Wildenberg, Wouter H. Roos, Claes M. Gustafsson, Gijs J.L. Wuite, Maria Falkenberg
2014 Cell Reports  
The mechanisms regulating the number of active copies of mtDNA are still unclear. A mammalian cell typically contains 1,000-10,000 copies of mtDNA, which are packaged into nucleoprotein complexes termed nucleoids. The main protein component of these structures is mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM). Here, we reconstitute nucleoid-like particles in vitro and demonstrate that small changes in TFAM levels dramatically impact the fraction of DNA molecules available for transcription and DNA
more » ... replication. Compaction by TFAM is highly cooperative, and at physiological ratios of TFAM to DNA, there are large variations in compaction, from fully compacted nucleoids to naked DNA. In compacted nucleoids, TFAM forms stable protein filaments on DNA that block melting and prevent progression of the replication and transcription machineries. Based on our observations, we suggest that small variations in the TFAM-to-mtDNA ratio may be used to regulate mitochondrial gene transcription and DNA replication.
doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2014.05.046 pmid:24981867 fatcat:myrmi27wybdpdkaa4lwltsnbnm