Spatial and temporal studies of metabolic activity: Contrasting biochemical kinetics in tissues and pathways during fasted and fed states

Natalie A Daurio, Yichen Wang, Ying Chen, Haihong Zhou, Ester Carballo-Jane, Joel Mane, Carlos G Rodriguez, Peter Zafian, Andrea Houghton, George Addona, David G McLaren, Rena Zhang (+6 others)
2019 American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism  
The regulation of nutrient homeostasis, i.e., the ability to transition between fasted and fed states, is fundamental in maintaining health. Since food is typically consumed over limited (anabolic) periods, dietary components must be processed and stored to counterbalance the catabolic stress that occurs between meals. Herein, we contrast tissue- and pathway-specific metabolic activity in fasted and fed states. We demonstrate that knowledge of biochemical kinetics that is obtained from opposite
more » ... ends of the energetic spectrum can allow mechanism-based differentiation of healthy and disease phenotypes. Rat models of type 1 and type 2 diabetes serve as case studies for probing spatial and temporal patterns of metabolic activity via [2H]water labeling. Experimental designs that capture integrative whole body metabolism, including meal-induced substrate partitioning, can support an array of research surrounding metabolic disease; the relative simplicity of the approach that is discussed here should enable routine applications in preclinical models.
doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00459.2018 pmid:30912961 fatcat:kivrcoct3fgy3ihwixmafl7isi