The study of problems affecting the pace of implementation of the «trash reform» in the Russian Federation

Galina Arakelova
2019 Othody i Resursy  
The article deals with the issues of waste management in the public sector during the Soviet Union and in Russia. The author analyzes the accumulated problems with the landfills formed during the Soviet Union and landfills operating in the Russian Federation. The positive aspects of the use of waste as secondary resources that existed in the USSR are given. The article deals with the radical changes in state regulation in the field of production and consumption waste management in the Russian
more » ... deration, started in 2014, examines the problems that hinder the implementation of the changes adopted by the government of the Federal law № 458-FZ, government resolutions and other regulations in terms of production and consumption waste management. The author provides data on the dynamics of municipal waste generation in the Russian Federation in recent years, data on the number of waste processing plants, waste sorting complexes and incinerators, describes the situation that has arisen in the regions of the Russian Federation at the choice of a regional operator and the development of territorial schemes for waste management, in accordance with the new provisions of Russian legislation. The article examines the problems that have arisen in the Moscow region on the implementation of the project of collection of dry and mixed municipal waste on a two-container system, provides examples of a particular city and the problems that have arisen in it to collect municipal waste on the new system. The author not only studies the problems hindering the implementation of the «garbage reform» in the Russian Federation, but also proposes a number of measures to be taken to accelerate the process of improving the proposed by the government of the Russian Federation new system for waste management.
doi:10.15862/07ecor119 fatcat:i7fbw33d4bdtrdug6isktymh2m