Epigenetic regulation of abiotic stress response in plants to improve the stress tolerance

2013 Hereditas (Beijing)  
Plants are constantly challenged by various stresses at all phases of development, and epigenetic modifications play a crucial role in the adaptive evolution to the changing environment. Recent studies have shown that genomic hypermethylation and locus-specific DNA demethylation induced by cold, salinity and other stimuli would inhibit the deleterious gene mutations and increase the expression of stress responsive genes. The mutants of histone acetyltransferase (GCN5) and histone deacetylase
more » ... A6 and HDA19) genes displayed hypersensitivity to ABA and salinity stresses. Histone acetylation and methylation exert a cumulative or synergistic effect on the expression of stress-responsive genes. The interactions between H2A.Z-containing nucleosomes and DNAs mediate the thermosensory responses in Arabidopsis. Furthermore, there are reports that drought, high temperature and salinity stress responses can be modulate by chromatin remodeling complexes SWI/SNF. In this review, we summarized previously published researches on the epigenetic regulation of plant stress response.
doi:10.3724/sp.j.1005.2013.00745 pmid:23774019 fatcat:d6qngcpbsvgunmz5q3q3rdmxd4