The effect of rosemary ointment on the pressure ulcer healing in patients admitted to the intensive care unit: A randomized clinical trial

Fatemeh Khoshoei Parizi, Tabandeh Sadeghi, Shahin Heidari
2021 Nursing Practice Today  
& Aim: Pressure ulcers have been identified as one of the most important and challenging issues in patient's well-being. Based on the evidence, rosemary extract compounds can affect wound healing. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of rosemary ointment on pressure ulcer healing in patients admitted to the intensive care unit. Methods & Materials: In this single-blind randomized parallel clinical trial, 70 patients who met the inclusion criteria were selected purposefully and
more » ... ned to the groups by stratified randomization method. In the intervention group, rosemary ointment was applied once a day for seven days. The control group received routine care. Data were collected using the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing before the intervention and on the third and seventh days after the intervention. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, chi-square test, and two-way repeated measurements ANOVA with SPSS 18 software. Results: The mean scores of Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing decreased significantly in the intervention group while remained unchanged in the control group (P=0.001) one week after the intervention. The effect of time and interaction effect was also significant (P=0.001). Comparison of the ratio of complete ulcer healing in the two groups showed a significant difference between the two groups (p=0.004). Conclusion: Rosemary ointment facilitated healing and prevented the progression of grade І pressure ulcers in the Intensive Care Unit. Therefore, the use of this ointment as a low-risk, uncomplicated, available, and inexpensive intervention, is recommended in such patients.
doi:10.18502/npt.v9i1.7321 fatcat:uvq35asqvbdmpkpiakvi2imm7u